What is Bullying?
Bullying is typically repeated behaviour that is intended to cause harm to another person(s). A person participates in bullying if they directly carry out, assist or encourage the behaviour in any way. Those that engage in bullying behaviour are perceived to be in a position of power. Bullying can be physical, verbal, social and/or electronic. In some circumstances bullying is an illegal activity. (SACS Policy, 2013. EECD).
Individuals who bully say or do something intentionally hurtful to others and they keep doing it, with no sense of regret or remorse - even when targets of bullying show or express their hurt or tell the aggressors to stop.
Please select a topic below to learn more about bullying.
Types of Bullying
- Physical bullying includes, but is not limited to, hitting, spitting, taking or damaging personal belongings and unwanted touching.
- Verbal bullying includes, but is not limited to, taunting, malicious teasing, making threats and racist or homophobic comments.
- Social bullying includes, but is not limited to, spreading rumors, excluding from a group, and manipulation of relationships.
- Electronic bullying (commonly known as cyberbullying) involves the use of cell phones, computers, and other devices to socially and/or verbally bully another.
Inappropriate Behaviours that may not necessarily be bullying
- Rude: Inadvertently saying or doing something that hurts someone else.
- Mean: Purposefully saying or doing something to hurt someone once (or maybe twice).
- Teasing: generally involves a sense of play and mutual joshing around. Teasing will rarely, if ever, involve religion, race, appearance or other important characteristics. When it is genuine teasing, the person doing it feels remorse for hurting another person's feelings.
- Arguments: Arguments are just heated disagreements between two (or more) people (or groups). It is natural that people have different interests and disagree on some things.
- Not liking someone: It is very natural that people do not like everyone around them and, while unpleasant and sometimes hurtful, verbal and nonverbal messages of "I don't like you" are not acts of bullying.
- Being excluded: while exclusion is unpleasant, it is not an act of bullying unless it is a planned effort to encourage others to do so repeatedly to one individual.
What should I do if my child is a Target, Bystander, or Bully?
What can I expect from the school?
- Your child's teacher or another teacher will address the issue and intervene as necessary.
- All incidents of bullying will be documented and addressed by the administration.
- Teachers will discuss bullying openly in class and promote the importance of respect and caring about the feelings of others.
- Your school's Code of Conduct will outline the behavioral expectations for students, staff and other members of the school community.
- School staff will investigate all incidents of bullying. Confidentiality will be maintained.
- There is a provincial Bullying Intervention Protocol which outlines how reported incidents of bullying are to be addressed.
- It is essential to maintain contact with your child's school by regularly visiting the school website, subscribing to the school's Twitter account and making sure to provide your email to your child's school. Get to know other parents/guardians, school counselors, and staff as you are an essential partner in your child's educational experience.
- If you require further intervention or support, contact the NLESD regional office.
Supporting Safe, Caring and Inclusive Schools in Newfoundland & Labrador
- Every school has a Code of Conduct that classifies inappropriate behavior as minor, middle or major. Bullying is classified as major.
- Appropriate discipline is applied by the school administrator in accordance with District practice and Department of Education and Early Childhood Development Policy.
- Program Itinerants for Safe and Inclusive Schools are available to support each school, providing professional learning and assistance to staff, students, and parents.
- By June 2019, every school staff in the province will have received training on LGBTQ inclusion for students, families, and staff. This supports Procedure 7 of the Safe and Caring Schools Policy.
- Each year, all students are taught lessons on digital citizenship which include how to prevent and respond to online bullying.
- Some of the programs and initiatives that educate students about social and emotional learning and the importance of promoting safe, caring and inclusive schools include Beyond the Hurt, Roots of Empathy, FRIENDS, PATHS, DARE, Turning Points, Pink Shirt Campaign, Provincial StandOut Conference, Gender Sexuality Alliance (GSA), WITS.
Resources for Parents/Guardians
- Safe and Caring Schools Policy, Department of Education
- Developing Resilience (PDF)
- Resilience Guide for Parents & Teachers
- Beyond the Hurt: Preventing Bullying and Harassment
- Roots of Empathy
- Friends Resilience
- The Learning Partnership - Turning Points
- Bridge the gAPP
- Relationships First - Restorative Justice Education
- WITS programs Foundation
If you wish, you can download our Bullying is NOT Cool Brochure below which includes all the above information and has been distributed to all schools in the province.
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